Why It Sucks to Be a Male Hyena

Thanks to spotted hyenas’ unusual social structure, males experience a tough life of solitude, harassment, and deprivation.

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If you want to learn more about this topic, start your googling with these keywords:
Sex role reversed species: a species in which males and females exhibit roles other than what might be expected based on other aspects of their biology and mating systems
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Credits (and Twitter handles):
Script Writer: Kate Yoshida (@KateYoshida)
Script Editor: Emily Elert (@eelert)
Video Illustrator: Ever Salazar (@eversalazar)
Video Director: Kate Yoshida (@KateYoshida)
Video Narrator: Kate Yoshida (@KateYoshida)
With Contributions From: Henry Reich, Alex Reich, Peter Reich, David Goldenberg
Music by: Nathaniel Schroeder:

Video Credits: Hyenas feeding – Kate Yoshida
Image Credits: Scarface – Kate Yoshida

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If you liked this week’s video, we think you might also like:
A blog by researchers currently studying spotted hyenas in Kenya’s Masai Mara:

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References:

Chepko-Sade, B. D. & Z. T. Halpin. 1987. Mammalian dispersal patterns: the effects of social stucture on population genetics. University of Chicago Press. Chicago, Illinois.

Holekamp, K.E. & Smale, L. (2000) Feisty females and meek males: reproductive strategies in the spotted hyena. In Reproduction in Context. K. Wallen and J. Schneider (Eds). MIT Press. Cambridge. MA. Pp. 257-285.

Kruuk H. 1972. The spotted hyena: a study of predation and social behavior. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Smale, L., Nunes, S., and Holekamp, K.E. (1997) Sexually dimorphic dispersal in mammals: patterns, causes and consequences. Advances in the Study of Behavior 26: 181-250.

Strauss, E., February 2017, personal communication.

Turner, J., June 2017, personal communication.

Van Horn, R.C., McElhinny, T.L. & Holekamp, K. E. (2003) Age estimation and dispersal in the spotted hyena (Crocuta crocuta). Journal of Mammalogy 84: 1019-1030.

Watts, H. E. & Holekamp, K. E. (2007) Hyena societies. Current Biology 17: R657-R660.