Are These Butterflies The Same?

Are These Butterflies The Same?

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A tale of how two butterflies became one…
Created by Henry Reich
Production and Writing Team: Alex Reich, Peter Reich, Emily Elert, Ever Salazar, Kate Yoshida, and Henry Reich
Video Concept and Writing: Rebecca Deatsman
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Andy Warren, pers. comm. July 29, 2014.

Brock, J. P., & Kaufman, K. (2003). Field Guide to Butterflies of North America.T. Hillstar Editions LC Houghton Mifflin Company, New York, NY.

Platt, A.P. and Brower, L.P. 1968. Mimetic Versus Disruptive Coloration in Intergrading Populations of Limenitis arthemis and Astyanax Butterflies. Evolution, Vol. 22, No. 4: 699-718.

Platt, A.P. 1987. Banded admirals from western Maryland: analysis of the Limenitis (Basilarchia) arthemis-astyanax complex (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) at green ridge state forest. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 89: 633-645.

Taxonomy of Red-Spotted Purple:
Taxonomy of White Admiral:
Info and Photos of Red-Spotted Purple:

Photo Credits:

White Admiral – Photo by: Wikimedia user Limulus

Limenitis arthemis astyanax – Wikimedia user Ks0stm

Red Spotted Purple – Wikimedia user Saxophlute

River rocks – Public Domain Photo

Pipevine Swallowtail – Public Domain Photo

Poison Symbol – Public Domain Image

Monarch Butterfly – U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service

Monarch butterfly catterpillar – Ryan E. Poplin

Lagopus muta Winter – Ómar Runólfsson

Lagopus muta Summer – Wikimedia user Boaworm

Sexual dimorphism Mandarin – Francis C. Franklin

Gray Wolf – Public Domain Photo

Maltese Dog –  Wikimedia user SheltieBoy

Limenitis lorquini – Public Domain Photo

Limenitis archippus – Gordon E. Robertson

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