How to Make a Seashell – Just Add Water!

How to Make a Seashell – Just Add Water!

Thank you to James Cook University –
And to the following Subbable supporters, who also help make MinuteEarth possible:

@Najamuddin –
@JonAtkins57 –
Djerune Fu
Abhimanyu Yadav
Jasper Chen
Gustav Delius –

Please help support MinuteEarth on Subbable (now Patreon) –

How much it costs to make MinuteEarth –

Created by Henry Reich
Writing and Editing Team: Alex Reich, Peter Reich, Emily Elert
Animation: Ever Salazar
Music: Nathaniel Schroeder:

MinuteEarth is available as a free iTunes podcast! –

Facebook –
Twitter –

MinuteEarth provides an energetic and entertaining view of trends in earth’s environment — in just a few minutes!

Culberson, C., & Pytkowicz, R. M. 1968. EFFECT OF PRESSURE ON CARBONIC ACID, BORIC ACID, AND THE pH IN SEAWATER. Limnology, XIII(3): 403-417.

Culberson, C. H. 1972. Processes affecting the oceanic distribution of carbon dioxide.

De’ath, G. et al. 2009. Declining coral calcification on the Great Barrier Reef. Science 323(5910): 116-119.

Honisch, B. et al. 2012. The Geological Record of Ocean Acidification. Science 335(6072): 1058-1063.

Kester, D. R. 1972. Effect of Ion Pairing on the pH of Seawater. Limnology and Oceanography 17(6): 959-960.

Chemical Weathering

Carbonate Compensation Depth

Chemistry of Calcium Carbonate

IPCC Ocean Acidification

%d bloggers like this: